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Historia Contemporánea

Estimados y estimadísimas, las lecturas de la primera prueba son:

a) Alan Angell: “La izquierda en América Latina desde c. 1920”, en Leslie Bethell, ed., Historia de América Latina, Barcelona, Crítica, 1997, vol. 12, pp.73-131. Este artículo hace un excelente repaso que pone muy en perspectiva los alcances de la experiencia de Allende.

b) Julio Pinto: “Hacer la revolución en Chile”, en J. Pinto, Cuando hicimos historia. La experiencia de la Unidad Popular (Santiago, Lom, 1993, pp.9-33). En algo más de veinte páginas el autor examina las importantes divergencias que existían al interior de las fuerzas leales a la UP y va viendo como ellas minan por los pies ese proyecto, hasta hacerlo completamente inviable.
c) Alan Angell: “La Vía Chilena al Socialismo”, en A. Angell, Chile de Alessandri a Pinochet: en busca de la utopía (Santiago, Andrés Bello, 1993, 61-90). Un segundo aporte de Angell, que destaca en…

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  1. Bert Burton dice:

    To what extent can the history of the long twentieth century be depicted as a narrative, involving retreats as well as advances, in terms of the construction of nation-states, the consolidation of the economically active state and the emergence of the socially responsive state? Answers to this question are sought in the principal themes of the course.

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  2. “‘To Throw Off a Tyrannical Government’: Atlantic Revolutionary Traditions and Popular Insurgency in Mexico,” in Michael A. Morrison and Melinda S. Zook, eds., Revolutionary Currents: National Building in the Transatlantic World, 1688-1821 (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004), 127-171.

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  3. Idebenone dice:

    The endemic political instability and the nature of the economy resulted in the emergence of caudillos , military chiefs whose hold on power depended on their military skill and ability to dispense patronage . The political regimes were at least in theory democratic and took the form of either presidential or parliamentary governments. Both were prone to being taken over by a caudillo or an oligarchy . The political landscape was occupied by conservatives , who believed that the preservation of the old social hierarchies served as the best guarantee of national stability and prosperity, and liberals , who sought to bring about progress by freeing up the economy and individual initiative. Popular insurrections were often influential and repressed: 100,000 were killed during the suppression of a Colombian revolt between 1899 and 1902 during the Thousand Days War . Some states did manage to have some of democracy: Uruguay , and partially Argentina , Chile , Costa Rica and Colombia . The others were clearly oligarchist or authoritarian , although these oligarchs and caudillos sometimes enjoyed support from a majority in the population. All of these regimes sought to maintain Latin America’s lucrative position in the world economy as a provider of raw materials.

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  4. he proposes a theory which is deeply rooted in the musicological problematic of Latin America and a methodology which could be developed in comparative studies created within the Continent. The text is comprised by three chapters in which the author begins by analyzing general aspects related to the presence of the African population in Latin America, his contributions to music and to the socio-historical context within which those processes have evolved. In the second chapter he describes in detail the characteristics of the African rhythm style and its fusion with the Hispanic style. In the third chapter he develops his own personal conclusions about what he describes as: “the binarization process of the African ternary rhythms”, their specific behavior and the consequences of this process for the cultural development of the musical culture in Cuba and Latin America. His reflections are illustrated with numerous musical examples.

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  5. Theatre in Latin America existed before the Europeans came to the continent. The natives of Latin America had their own rituals, festivals, and ceremonies. They involved dance, singing of poetry, song, theatrical skits, mime, acrobatics, and magic shows. The performers were trained; they wore costumes, masks, makeup, wigs. Platforms had been erected to enhance visibility. The ‘sets’ were decorated with branches from trees and other natural objects.

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